Ricci -- History and Culture (English translation)|
|Notes: From Italian Wikipedia; Google machine translation
Province: Crest Campobasso
Altitude: 710 m s.l.m.
Area: 69 km ?
Density: 83 inhabitants / km ?
Fractions: Colle della Macchia, Guadolapilla, Iana, Lama of the Earth, Loie, Mancini, Pauline, Peaches, Sticozze, Vicenna, Vignalitto, Colle Cuculo.
Contiguous municipalities: Castelpagano (BN), Castelvetere in Val Fortore (BN), Cercemaggiore, Colle Sannita (BN), Gambatesa, Jelsi, Pietracatella, Tufara
Zip Code: 86016
Pref Phone: 0874
ISTAT code: 070057
Cadastre code: H273
Name inhabitants riccesi
Patron saint: Our Lady of Caramel, St. Augustine
Day: August 28
Riccia is a town of 5701 inhabitants of the province of Campobasso.
The age of the Samnites and Romans
The geographical location of Riccia, strategic and defined unbeatable at that time by love, allows the historian to consider the almost certain presence of villages or hamlets sanniti nell'Agro riccese. The nearest town, as documented sanniti centers were Murgantia, the current Baselice, Mucrae and Celenna, respectively Morcone today and Celenza Valfortore. But it is not known which of these policy centers belonged the old village riccese. Trade with the Greek colonies had to be thriving quite However, given the large amount of ancient Greek coins found in various places occupied by the different agro houses. Later, the Romans occupied sanniti all settlements, the territory riccese fell under the hegemony of Latium conquerors: and it is precisely this which remains one of the assumptions related to the origin of the name of Riccia: "... among these settlers is likely that there were people of Aricia Lazio, which had arisen in our land and our homes. The new inhabitants, given the fertility of the soil, the abundant springs and the healthy climate, made the pei admiration our forests, similar to those of their homeland, pei-rich pastures and the magnificence of the horizon, you marry into the most respected houses operat from destruction by the Romans, and gave it the name of Aricia to the village safe and central area, in memory of left their homeland forever ... "The new Roman colony was thus a significant development in the village that stretched from natural rocky cliff, where the castle rose up to the Mother Church. In the 641 Schiavoni is recorded one of the most important events of history riccese: the coast of Dalmatia Siponto landed a few people of European Sarmazia, Schiavoni said that they began to make raids in Puglia up and that the troops of the Duchy of AION beneventano the faced in a very bloody battle at the river Ofanto. The Schiavoni it came out as true winners, I knew how to oppose any resistance in the following year when they were decimated by the Duchy of troops led by the brother of AION, Rodoaldo. Schiavoni I just escaped fled along the valley of Fortore, reaching the walls of Riccia, asking hospitality. I riccesi, who had not lived a very limited, were not insensitive to the needs of the people, and gave them a part of the territory outside the walls where they were granted edificatorie areas and construction materials. Feudal Age in years of Charles I of Anjou, Riccia was granted to De Capua, and the first was the Lord Great Protonatario. We can not say with certainty that Bartholomew De Capua has ever visited the territory riccese, but it "... he was concerned with matters of interest to it. And he was precisely that to 11 March 1286 was assigned in Riccia Giustizieri of Earth Labor and Contado of Molise, removing its Capitanata, to whom it belonged. " Great enthusiasm in the country when it was taken to stay Costanza Chiaromonte, wife of Andrew De Capua in 1395, and gentle Queen of the Kingdom, before being for some time Lady of Riccia. Here's how it describes its input Riccia: "I arrived in Ariccia zita Chiaromonte of Constance, accompanied by many barons in the month of Maio, and the noble aspettavono maids dell'Ariccia home Sedati, Regi, that the strong abbrazzaron and the Vasari, and after that Epper conducta throughout the land to the Menara lu Castellu, where there were large parties. La Reina does not have more than 17 years is very success bona et de manera. The evening forum facte many and alumina many bonfires throughout Cantun them that seemed to be die. " The 1799 demolition of the building after years of feudal violence and oppression on the part of a sovereign principles Riccia, hatred accumulated by the people found its riccese explosion "... furious wave of people, excited by an overflowing spirit of revenge and suggestion of the dot. Mazzocchelli Xavier, jumped on the feudal castle and its surroundings, and everything was destroyed in a short period of Republican. S'incominci? from the palace, a scardinare taxes on the rich smashing furniture, set fire to the precious archive and library, as if to avenge the burning of the house made a suggestion to Bartholomew VI De Capua, in order to destroy documents that could prove his clear usurpations. dismantled the roof, came down the attic, broken floors, as often demolished and land walls ... therefore not escape from so much ruin the door, the tower, two thirds of the rampart and some remains of walls and large solid against which the anger was powerless people. " From 1800 to 1860: Riccia in the Napoleonic period in the first half of the nineteenth century reign Riccia to calm a "relative" means sanfedisti were held in check by local authorities or by the city guards and the prisoners or fugitives, tired and crestfallen by the long suffering of recent years, often in inhumane prisons, we were back open, but with enthusiasm now extinct. This period was chosen the successor of the popular Archpriest Spallone, whose death occurred in 1803 in the name of Francis Ruccia, a native of the neighboring village of Colle Sannita. In 1806, however, ascended to the throne of Naples Joseph Bonaparte, the indomitable sanfedisti still shelter in the countryside, where they began to live by theft, but persecuted by urban militias ended several killed, others imprisoned, without a trace. After the robbery the reaffirmation of the Constitution of 1848 and summarized Peter Moffa in the functions of mayor also began to rage nell'Agro riccese robbing gangs, resulting in initiation of a relative power of the military. Was dissolved the council, other elected and began logging the land in the village Serrola. The bands of robbers who infest the area of Riccia were mainly those related to the names of Pelorosso, Varanelli and Caruso. The first band was virtually exterminated in the bud, the other two, however, once unites, continued to spread terror in the countryside until 1863. It is recalled today by the abduction of the beautiful Philomena Caruso Ciccaglione, killed days after the first poor father.
Mayor: Commissioner by 26/03/2008
Switchboard of the district: 0874 716631 - 0874 716216
|Contributed by: Text, Italian Wikipedia; Google machine translation; image NYPL #1263360|
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